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Prior to independence in 1993, Eritrea was ruled by various foreign powers. In 1890, Italy colonized Eritrea. With the defeat of Italy in World War II, British forces occupied the area from 1941 until 1952, when a U.N. resolution merged Eritrea and Ethiopia into a federation. The resolution provided Eritrea with some autonomy. In 1962, Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie annexed Eritrea.

During the 1960s, the Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF) spearheaded an independence...

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