Fatah al-Islam was established on Nov. 29, 2006, when the group declared it was splitting from the "apostate" Fatah al-Intifada (Fatah Uprising), a Syrian-backed Palestinian group based in Lebanon. The message was distributed within the Nahr al-Bared refugee camp in northern Lebanon, the group's existing stronghold. Most Fatah al-Islam members were Lebanese, but fighters from Iraq and Jordan also joined. About a third of those killed in the fighting in Nahr al-Bared between May and September...
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