First of October Anti-FascistResistance Group (GRAPO) Terrorist Organizations // First of October Anti-FascistResistance Group (GRAPO)

The First of October Anti-Fascist Resistance Group (GRAPO) was founded after the death of Spanish dictator Francisco Franco in 1975, with the purpose of establishing a Marxist state. The previously outlawed Communist Party of Spain-Reconstituted (PCE/R), which later became the political counterpart to GRAPO, was founded the same year. As Spain made a transition to a parliamentary monarchy, both groups began aggressive political and militant campaigns to undermine the political order. A...


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