New People's Army (NPA)/Communist Party of the Philippines
Jose Maria Sison established the CPP in 1968 and, with the help of Bernabe Buscayno, the NPA in 1969. The group subsequently transformed into a revolutionary Maoist organization. Sison had been a popular student activist of the Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas, a group that used guerrilla warfare to fight Japanese and U.S. presence in the Philippines, but he split with the group to form the CPP. The CPP-NPA started out based in Luzon with 60 members. The group is organized in the...
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