Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR)
The FDLR is one of the most longstanding armed groups operating in the eastern DRC. Its activity has exacerbated relations between the DRC and Rwanda, while the group has fed off of ongoing regional insecurity. The Army for the Liberation of Rwanda (ALIR), the predecessor of the FDLR, was formed in 1996 after the 1994 Rwandan civil war and genocide. The group was composed of former hardline Hutu members of the Rwandan armed forces under then-Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana and...
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