India Overview Nations // Asia

OVERVIEW British rule ended on the Indian subcontinent in 1947. Two countries resulted. Hindus and Sikhs left Muslim Pakistan and Muslims left Hindu-dominated India for Pakistan (East and West). Perhaps 12 million people moved and around a million people died as a result. (Some estimates run to 2 million de aths.) Since independence, India has fought three wars with Pakistan (in 1948, 1965, and 1971) and one with China (1962). India's defense posture is determined in large part by...


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