OVERVIEW Somalia, formerly the Somali Republic and Somali Democratic Republic, is located on the Horn of Africa. The country was formed in 1960 by the merger of the British Somaliland Protectorate in the north and the Italian Trust Territory of Somalia in the south. Since then, its development has been hindered by periods of anarchy generated by numerous warlords and territorial claims on Somali-inhabited areas of Ethiopia, Kenya and Djibouti. Warlords formed militias along clan...
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