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Weapons
Mustard/lewisite (HL) is a liquid mixture of distilled mustard (HD) and lewisite (L). Due to its low freezing point, the mixture remains a liquid in cold weather and at high altitudes. The mixture with the lowest freezing point consists of 63 percent lewisite…
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Weapon
The Alpha Jet is a light attack/trainer/close air support aircraft co-produced by Germany and France for use by both partners and for export. Those built for Germany were originally known as Alpha Jet A ( appui, attack) and used only in a close air support…
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Weapon
The AL BASRAH-class offshore support vessels are designed for maritime security missions, with a focus on protecting Iraq's offshore oil terminals. The ships are multi-functional, able to handle a range of capabilities to support oil production platforms and…
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Weapon
The Black Shark heavyweight torpedo is a wire-guided weapon designed to be launched from submarines and surface ships. Originally developed as the next step beyond the Italian A184 Mod 3, it has become an entirely new design. It is operable in both deep and…
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Weapon
The ABSALON-class command and support ships are multipurpose units intended for peacetime expeditionary support operations. They use six to eight portable functional modules installed amidships to carry a 20-man task group commander and staff, a 50-man…
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Weapon
The Rockan is an anti-invasion ground mine optimized for shallow water. This bottom-influence mine can also be laid in deeper waters as an anti-submarine mine. The Rockan has an unusual wedge shape that enables the mine to glide through the water. Its low…
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Weapon
The Type 72 is a Chinese minimum metal mine that comes in anti-personnel and anti-tank variants. It is derived from the Russian TM-46, although the fuzing mechanisms differ. The plastic casing makes the mine very difficult to detect. The Type 72 is a "toe-…
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Weapon
The AGM-86 air-launched cruise missile (ALCM) is a long-range, air-to-ground cruise missile for attacking strategic targets. It has many of the attributes of the earlier Hound Dog cruise missile, but is slower. It also has a longer range and is more accurate…
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Weapon
The NEMO 120-mm mortar turret (derived from New Mortar) is an efficient unmanned turreted mortar system that is compact enough to be mounted on a variety of tracked and wheeled chassis and light enough for small, high-speed naval vessels. NEMO can provide…
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Weapon
The PMA-3 is a small antipersonnel land mine with a flat cylindrical body. It is detonated by a base-mounted UPMAH-3 chemical action pressure fuze. The PMA-3 is activated when pressure plates are rotated within the mine's lower assembly where the PMA-3's…
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Weapon
The Lockheed Martin Desert Hawk was originally a micro air vehicle (MAV) demonstrator dubbed SentryOwl that was part of the U.S. Air Force's force protection airborne surveillance system (FPASS) requirement. It was quickly selected and placed in service. The…
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Weapon
The SKRUNDA class of patrol boats is based on the design of small waterplane area twin hull (SWATH ) pilot boats built by Abeking & Rasmussen of Germany. They are intended for patrol and surveillance missions. The class is designed and built to…
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Weapon
The Gila is a South African mine-protected armored personnel carrier (APC) aimed at both the domestic and export markets. South Africa's military forces are increasingly being deployed for peacekeeping-type missions. The Gila name was chosen because it evokes…
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Weapon
The EL/K-7071 is an integrated communications intelligence (COMINT)/direction-finding (DF) system designed for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). It is intended for long-range, high-endurance COMINT missions in modern dense communication network environments.…
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Weapon
The Falarick is a gun-launched anti-tank guided missile (GLATGM) that is designed to be fired from 105-mm cannons. It was initially developed for the CT-CV turret from CMI Defence of Belgium. The missile is capable of defeating stationary and mobile armored…
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Weapon
The An-24 Coke is a medium-range transport that was superseded in production by its derivative, the An-26 Curl (see separate database entry). The high-aspect-ratio wing is shoulder-mounted behind the flight deck and has a rectangular center section…
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Weapon
The SMASH is a 30-mm stabilized remotely controlled weapon system. The system is integrated on a stabilized pedestal with an independent electro-optical sight and surveillance. The system has excellent tracking and firing ability a very high hit accuracy,…
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Weapon
The NS100 is an active electronically scanned array (AESA) air and surface surveillance radar. The scalable radar is optimized to provide situational awareness in cluttered coastal environments. The system is suitable for a range of ships. The NS100 is…
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Armed Forces
OVERVIEW The Bahamas is made up of more than 700 islands, many of which are uninhabited. The archipelagic nation has 250,000 sq. km. (96,525 sq. mi.) of territorial waters. The primary threat to its internal security stems from the drug trade in and around…
OVERVIEW The Royal Bahraini Air Force is organized into:   2 fighter squadrons 1 fighter ground attack squadron 2 attack helicopter squadrons 2 transport helicopter squadrons 1 VIP helicopter squadron 1 VIP fixed-wing…
OVERVIEW The Republic of Benin (formerly Dahomey) in West Africa is bounded by Nigeria on the east, Niger in the northeast, Burkina Faso in the northwest, Togo in the west and the Gulf of Guinea in the south. A small and impoverished country, Benin for…
OVERVIEW The Republic of Fiji consists of more than 800 southwest Pacific islands, of which 100 are habitable, including Vanua Levu, Viti Levu, Taveuni, Kandavu, Koro, Ngau and Ovalau. Fiji is a member of the British Commonwealth; its membership has been…
OVERVIEW The Cooperative Republic of Guyana is on the northern coast of South America. Once known as British Guiana, it gained independence from Britain in 1966. It is bordered to the north by the Atlantic Ocean, west by Venezuela, west and south by Brazil…
OVERVIEW The Royal Jordanian Air Force (Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Malakiya al Urduniya) is responsible for all military air operations, including ground and maritime support. Air force pilots average 180 flying hours annually. The air force is organized…
OVERVIEW The Lao People's Democratic Republic is a landlocked nation in Southeast Asia. It is bordered on the east by Vietnam; to the south by Cambodia; to the west by Thailand; to the northwest by Burma; and to the north by China. The Laotian capital,…
OVERVIEW Luxembourg is the smallest member of NATO in terms of land area and the second smallest in population (about 585,700 in September 2017). Among alliance members, only Iceland's population is smaller. It borders France to the south (73 km/45 miles);…
OVERVIEW The mission of the air component of the military is primarily transport, but it has a limited combat capability. It has been assigned maritime patrol duties as well. The air force is organized into: 1 training squadron 2 transport squadrons…
OVERVIEW Since the 1980s, the Mongolian air force has been drastically reduced in terms of personnel and operational units. From a high of three active combat regiments plus transport and support units, the air force now consists of: 1 transport…
OVERVIEW After World War I, Montenegro became part of the kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes -- late the kingdom of Yugoslavia. At the end of World War II, it was a republic of communist Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia began disintegrating in 1991. A…
OVERVIEW The Paraguay air force is organized into: 1 light attack/COIN squadrons 2 transport group 1 training squadron 1 transport helicopter group   PERSONNEL STRENGTH Paraguay's air force numbers 1,100 personnel, including 200…
OVERVIEW The Slovak Republic air force is responsible for air combat operations, air support of the army and the coordination of ground-based air defense. It is organized into: 1 air force headquarters, with 1 fighter squadron 2 transport…
OVERVIEW The Sri Lankan air force (SLAF) is responsible for all air operations, including support of the army ground forces, rescue facilitation at the government's request, maintenance of aircraft and electronics, internal security and other non-military…
Terrorist Organizations
The Marxist-Leninist PFLP claims it is "a progressive vanguard organization of the Palestinian working class" aiming to liberate "all of Palestine and establish a democratic socialist Palestinian state."  Palestinian Christian George Habash, who founded the…
JEM is one of the main opposition groups to the Sudanese government involved in the Darfur conflict and in the ongoing peace negotiations. Though the group has undergone a number of internal splinterings, it at one point was the largest and strongest.…
The IMU is a coalition of militant Islamic groups from Uzbekistan and Central Asia. The original goal of the movement was to overthrow the secular Uzbek government and replace it with an Islamic state based on conservative interpretations of Islamic law, an…
PULO was founded in India by Pattani aristocrat and Islamic scholar Kabir Abdul Rahman (aka Tungu Bira Kotanila) as a nationalist and separatist group. According to RAND Corp., "PULO's ideology is based on the UBANGTAPEKEMA, an acronym derived from Ugama,…
Jose Carlos Mariategui founded the Communist Party of Peru in 1928. It was originally known as the Socialist Party and the party participated in Lenin's Third International. After 1959, a split occurred between Maoists…
News
Some 200 soldiers who defected from the Maduro government attempted to escort humanitarian aid to Venezuela late last month before being stopped by the Colombian government, reports Bloomberg News. The ex-soldiers, led by retired Venezuelan Gen. Cliver…
At least one person has been killed and 28 injured in a grenade attack on a bus station in India-administered Kashmir, reports the Press Trust of India.  On Thursday, an attacker threw a grenade under a bus in downtown Jammu, police told the Indo-Asian News…
At least five people have been killed and 20 injured when their vehicle struck a land mine near the northeastern Nigerian city of Maiduguri, reports the Vanguard (Lagos).  On Wednesday, a truck carrying farmers and their harvest from nearby fields struck an…
The Trump administration will not request an increase to the budget of the U.S. Missile Defense Agency (MDA), reports Foreign Policy (Washington, D.C.).  A proposal due later this month will request $9.4 billion for the agency, down from $9.9 billion in…
A modernized Russian Oscar II-class nuclear-powered guided-missile submarine will be the first vessel equipped with the new Poseidon nuclear-capable unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV), reports Russia’s Tass news agency. The Belgorod is scheduled to be…
At least three people have been killed and 19 injured in an attack on a ceremony in Kabul commemorating a Hazara Afghan leader, reports the Tolo News (Kabul).  Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah was giving speech at the event on Thursday when at least 15…
The Indian government is set to sign an agreement with Russia later this week to lease another Akula-class nuclear attack submarine, reports the Economic Times (India). The US$3 billion deal covers the 10-year lease of an Akula-class submarine and is…
Satellite imagery published by a private firm cast doubt on claims by India that it destroyed a terrorist training camp in Pakistan last week, reports Reuters.  Images show at least six buildings still standing on the site in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province on…
Northrop Grumman says it has received a contract to develop next-generation AN/APR-39E(V)2 radar warning receivers for the U.S. Army. Details of the contract, which was announced on Monday, were not disclosed. The AN/APR-39E(V)2, previously known as the…
The top military officer in NATO says that Washington should reconsider Turkey's participation in the F-35 program if Ankara goes through with the purchase of S-400 air defense systems from Russia, reports Defense One.  The Russian system presents specific…
South Korea will launch a new civil-military exercise in May as it revamps its training schedule in support of peace efforts with North Korea, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul).  The Ulchi Taegeuk exercise will run from May 27 to May 30, a…
Iranian military advisers are forming a new militia in Syria to increase Tehran's influence, reports the Voice of America News.  Iran has recruited at least 1,200 Syrians to the fledgling militia so far, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights,…
British aero-engine maker Rolls-Royce has scaled back its efforts to develop the engine for Turkey's indigenous fighter program, reports the Financial Times (U.K.). Disputes over the sharing and ownership of intellectual property, as well as the involvement…
The Pentagon has contracted Lockheed Martin to supply Saudi Arabia with the Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system, reports CNBC.  On Monday, the U.S. Missile Defense Agency awarded Lockheed Martin Missile and Fire Control, Dallas, Texas, a…
As many as 300 members of the ISIS terrorist group have departed the last town held by the group through a humanitarian corridor established by the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), reports the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a U.K.-based…
Chinese troops will begin training on the S-400 air defense system in Russia later this month, reports Russia's Tass news agency.  About 100 Chinese troops will undergo instruction at a Russian training center from March to June, a source told the news…
Australian Defense Minister Christopher Pyne has announced that he will retire from politics, reports the Sydney Morning Herald. Pyne will remain in his post until federal elections in May. In addition, Defense Industry Minister Steve Ciobo also announced…
Israeli soldiers intentionally fired at civilians during protests along the Gaza border last year in violation of international law, according to a report by a U.N.-backed independent panel cited by Haaretz (Israel). The U.N. Independent Commission of…
At least seven members of U.S.-backed forces and 18 suspected terrorists have been killed in fighting to push ISIS from its last territorial holding in eastern Syria, reports the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a U.K.-based watchdog group.  On…
Language in the 2019 defense authorization act is preventing the Pentagon from moving forward with a new combatant command, reports Defense One. The defense act mandates that the U.S. Space Command be subordinate to U.S. Strategic Command, in opposition to…
Special Report
Haftar's LNA may not be as strong as it appears